To ensure food and nutrition security, and reduce the poverty of marginal, most vulnerable persons and small rural households through boosting agricultural and livestock production, improving natural resource management and enhancing income-generating opportunities at the household and community levels in in less resilient communities.
Hunger and poverty “Hunger is a consequence of poverty, as lack of income is the main cause of people not having access to sufficient food to enable them to enjoy an adequate diet. Hunger itself causes undernourished people to be trapped in poverty. There is a vicious circle linking hunger and poverty. Indeed, poverty is also a consequence of chronic undernourishment. Under-nourishment contributes to keeping people in poverty. A hungry person has a reduced physical and intellectual development, and his (her) working capacity is reduced. He or she is also more likely to become ill and therefore not to be able to work at all. Undernourishment is also a vector of inheritance of poverty. Women who are weak because of insufficient food during pregnancy, give birth to small and fragile children who are more likely to suffer from a physical or even a mental disability at birth and throughout their lives. An undernourished child performs less well at school, first because of a reduced concentration for studying – due to hunger – but also often because of an inadequate intellectual development. Finally, poverty is often the enemy of risk-taking: a poor person will hesitate to get involved in risky economic activities, which are often the most profitable.
Addressing the root causes of food insecurity through multi-sectoral programming because food insecurity is a complex problem resulting from multiple failures within the social, economic and ecological systems upon which people rely, POH works closely with communities to understand its root causes. Our approach considers age-old contributors to food insecurity—longstanding generational stresses on vulnerable populations such as lack of infrastructure, low agricultural yields, or poor health status—alongside complicating and compounding shocks and stresses, such as increased climate variability, poor governance, or social marginalization. By identifying the set of factors interacting to undermine food security in a given context, POH can work with communities to replace negative reinforcement loops, which create poverty traps and on-going vulnerability, with positive feedback loops that promote prosperity and well-being.
This systems thinking approach allows POH , in partnership with communities, to develop multi- sectoral programs that aim to build the capacity of people to act productively within social, economic and ecological systems to ensure their own food security.
Ultimately, our food security work reflects approaches from all the sectors in which we work—from conflict mitigation, economic and market development, and governance to agriculture, public/community health, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene—as well as the mainstreaming lenses essential to any good programming, such as resilience, gender, youth, social inclusion, and ecological sustainability (the final section explores these themes in more depth). The comprehensiveness of this approach ensures we do no harm as we address the true causes of food insecurity.
Our Core Principles:
- Resilience thinking: Our focus on resilience builds individual, household and community capacity to adapt to and learn from shocks and stresses related to food insecurit
- A multi-sectoral and Systems Thinking: We use systems-thinking to tackle food insecurity at its root, developing complex, multi-sector programming that can work to address multiple causes of vulnerability
- An emphasis on Individual Well-being: While working toward system and behavior change, the ultimate outcome is increased well-being for the people we ser
- A long-term: Because building capacity and changing systems takes time, we invest in long-term food security strategies that likely incorporate many programs
- A Transferable: We strive to ensure our approach is applicable in different contexts, from development situations to humanitarian emergencies
Our Theory of Change
POH works with communities, other local organizations and authorities to identify the root causes of food insecurity and uses this knowledge to develop comprehensive and inclusive multi-sector programming aimed achieving resilient food security. Our theory of change presents the conditions under which resilient food security is attainable for communities and individuals:
IF social, ecological and economic systems are more resilient and equitable, AND communities and individuals undertake behaviors that support their productivity and health, AND communities are better governed and more peaceful, THEN communities will be able to improve stable food availability, access and utilization, AND the individuals within them will be more food secure.
Note: Programme designing that focuses much at means of increasing production to meet both HHs demands and markets, but also creating job opportunities both for the community, women, men and youths and the value addition chain players makes our vision and mission accomplished.